Thursday, November 1, 2012

Know The Name Of Your Own Party

When looking at the names and definitions of the names of the two main political parties in America, there is a definite difference that most people don't realize. I will get into the other parties later. First, I will concentrate on the two main political parties.

Now as to what the words Republican and Democrat mean, I will stay with the simple dictionary terms of their root meanings. Republic and Democracy.
A Republic is: "...a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them." In other words, they want a government that is run by a group of authority figures and vote for their interests without their consent or knowledge.
A Democracy is: "...a state having such a form of government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system."  Which means Democratics (not the word Democrats that Republicans have called them), believe in the principles of the people deciding by voting and then their elected officials acting in their interests by what they people decide, not what the elected official decides.
One of the first things noted in today's parties is that some of the things that happened turned out strangely because of egos, the parties have changed. Today Liberals are considered to be Democrats and vice versa, the same way Conservatives are considered to be Republicans, which has reversed itself since the origin of the parties. (See Dixiecrats.)

When we look first at the words used to describe them, we see some things if we know anything about history. When Abraham Lincoln was president, conservatives were Democrats and liberals were Republicans. Let me explain the difference in those two words to begin with.
Conservative: when we are talking about a person being conservative, then what we mean, by dictionary definition is; "...disposed to preserve existing conditions,institutions, etc., or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change." So, if you are afraid of change, then you are conservative, no matter who you vote for or what you believe in. Some scientists have found definite differences among our species and genetic traits they say cause us to be a certain way and think a certain way. The online science journal "Scientific American" defines the unconscious reactions of the two types of people in their article. The brief summation is stated as: "...
The Fear Factor
Psychologists have found that conservatives are fundamentally more anxious than liberals, which may be why they typically desire stability, structure and clear answers even to complicated questions. “Conservatism, apparently, helps to protect people against some of the natural difficulties of living,” says social psychologist Paul Nail of the University of Central Arkansas. “The fact is we don't live in a completely safe world. Things can and do go wrong. But if I can impose this order on it by my worldview, I can keep my anxiety to a manageable level.”Anxiety is an emotion that waxes and wanes in all of us, and as it swings up or down our political views can shift in its wake. When people feel safe and secure, they become more liberal; when they feel threatened, they become more conservative. Research conducted by Nail and his colleague in the weeks after September 11, 2001, showed that people of all political persuasions became more conservative in the wake of the terrorist attacks. Meanwhile, in an upcoming study, a team led by Yale University psychologist Jaime Napier found that asking Republicans to imagine that they possessed superpowers and were impermeable to injury made them more liberal. “There is some range within which people can be moved,” Jost says. ..." and;
"...More practically, instead of trying to change people's emotional state (an effect that is temporary), astute policy makers might be able to phrase their ideas in a way that appeals to different worldviews. In a 2010 paper Irina Feygina, a social psychology doctoral student at N.Y.U. who works with Jost, found a way to bring conservatives and liberals together on global warming. She and her colleagues wondered whether the impulse to defend the status quo might be driving the conservative pooh-poohing of environmental issues.
In an ingenious experiment, the psychologists reframed climate change not as a challenge to government and industry but as “a threat to the American way of life.” After reading a passage that couched environmental action as patriotic, study participants who displayed traits typical of conservatives were much more likely to sign petitions about preventing oil spills and protecting the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Environmentalism may be an ideal place to find common political ground. “Conservatives who are religious have this mind-set about being good stewards of the earth, to protect God's creation, and that is very compatible with green energy and conservation and other ideas that are usually classified as liberal,” Nail says. ..."
So, conservatives are born, not created. Unlike what they seem to believe to feel good about themselves, they are the ones who are less likely to take any risks whatsoever. And as the author says, everything else is usually classified as liberal because of the definition in reactions to it.
Now, the dictionary definition of a person who is liberal is: "...favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs." and "...favorable to or in accord with concepts of maximum individual freedom possible,especially as guaranteed by law and secured by governmental protection of civil liberties." and "...favoring or permitting freedom of action,especially with respect to matters of personal belief or expression: a liberal policy toward dissident artists and writers."
Republicans are not always Republicans now. Republicans are sometimes Tea Party and Libertarians that couldn't find a voting base large enough to win an election for themselves, so they continue vote Republican, even when it's against their best interest. These are the people who think the word liberal is a negative insult while conservatives consist mainly of people with what my Critical Thinking courses would call "people who have blocks to critical thinking" because they 1) rely on authority figures who are extremists, or 2) have egocentric thinking and 3) ethnocentric thinking. As we have seen in the recent election campaigns, very often, authority figures can be dead wrong. Egocentric thinking, or what most of us call being "self centered", and in dictionary terms is: "... having or regarding the self or the individual as the center of all things: an egocentric philosophy that ignores social causes." and; "...having little or no regard for interests,beliefs, or attitudes other than one's own;self-centered: an egocentric person; egocentric demands upon the time and patience of others."
Ethnocentric thinking, put simply is racial or stereotype fear, or in dictionary terms: "...a tendency to view alien groups or cultures from the perspective of one's own."
Someone who has been taught from birth to "have faith in" or in simpler terms, "rely upon" any specific person or authority figure and/or type of person or type of authority figure has a block to critical thinking built in their psyche from birth. Someone who is going to have the ability to rebel against this thinking usually does so, even after years of indoctrination by supposed authority figures.

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